Past Features

August 16, 2017

Drones on the border?
What about privacy?

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CATO Institute -- August 15, 2017
Senate Bill Mandates More Border Surveillance
    An anonymous source sent an advanced copy of S.1757, otherwise known as the “Building America's Trust Act,” to Ars Technica. If passed as written, the bill would dramatically expanded surveillance at the border and ports of entry, putting the privacy of immigrants and citizens alike at risk.
    The bill, sponsored by Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX) and co-sponsored by six of his Republican colleagues, mandates increased border drone surveillance and the collection of more biometric information, including but not limited to voice prints and facial scans.
    The drone provisions of the bill are consistent with President Trump's campaign rhetoric. During his campaign, he said drones should patrol the border 24/7. Cornyn's bill doesn't quite go that far, requiring Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to fly drones at least 24/5.
    Drone surveillance at the border isn't new, nor is it effective. In 2014 the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Inspector General (OIG) released a report on CBP's drone operations. It found that the drone program, which includes Predator B drones originally designed for military use, did not achieve expected results and contributed to very few apprehensions of illegal border crossers and marijuana. The report also found that the drone program cost $12,255 per flight hour. In FY2013, CBP's drones flew for 5,102 hours for a combined cost of around $62.5 million.
    This was a large expense for an inefficient border security tool. Aside from the fiscal costs, the increased use of drones on the border will worsen the militarization of the border, with American citizens being under the ever-snooping eye of border patrol surveillance equipment. In 2013, Americans on the border were already regularly seeing military-grade surveillance tools in the air. [...]
    More drones and biometric technology tools on the border and at ports of entry should concern anyone who values privacy. CBP has statutory authority to stop vehicles within 100 miles of the border, so even those people who don't live near the border risk being exposed to CBP surveillance tools. In addition, the policies outlined in S.1757 will require DHS to collect more information about American citizens and foreigners alike, information that could be used for reasons other than border security.

Glenn Spencer -- August 16, 2017
Keep drones within 1/2 mile of the border
 
   The main CBP drone --- the Predator B --- must fly above 18,000 feet, and away from commercial air traffic space. It isn't a threat to privacy. In fact, it isn't even a threat to smugglers.
    Small drones are another problem --- they can really get down low --- right in your face --- and snoop. There is a solution to this problem --- make them stay within one-half miles of the border.
    How could this be done and still make them effective?
    Just ask me.

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