Past Features

December 13, 2015

Le Pen (Jeane-Marie) 2008: "Devil of the Republic"
Le Pen (Marine) 2017: French President?

How times have changed. In 2005 and 2008, Jean-Marie Le Pen was fined on account of statements made about Muslims in France. -- Marine, his daughter, has a shot of becoming French President in 2017
Sky News -- December 13, 2015
France: Far Right Faces Election Run-Off Test
    The ruling socialists urge tactical voting as the party once shunned by voters hopes to take control of large areas of France.
    French voters are going back to the polls as the far-right National Front hopes to claim an unprecedented political win.
    Marine Le Pen's anti-immigration party last week secured an historic lead in the first round of the local elections.
    The party came first in at least six of the 13 regions and overall won nearly 28% of the votes.
    Taking control of one of the regions would be a big boost to Ms Le Pen's ambitions of becoming president in 2017.
    Her party --- traditionally an outcast in the mainstream political scene --- has been boosted by the migration crisis and the Paris terror attacks.

Wisdom of the crowd  
    The wisdom of the crowd is the collective opinion of a group of individuals rather than that of a single expert.
    A large group's aggregated answers to questions involving quantity estimation, general world knowledge, and spatial reasoning has generally been found to be as good as, and often better than, the answer given by any of the individuals within the group. An explanation for this phenomenon is that there is idiosyncratic noise associated with each individual judgment, and taking the average over a large number of responses will go some way toward canceling the effect of this noise. This process, while not new to the Information Age, has been pushed into the mainstream spotlight by social information sites such as Wikipedia, Yahoo! Answers, Quora, and other web resources that rely on human opinion.